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Sunan Abi Dawood 3402
Narrated Rafi' ibn Khadij:

Rafi' had cultivated a land. The Prophet ﷺ passed him when he was watering it. So he asked him: To whom does the crop belong, and to whom does the land belong? He replied: The crop is mine for my seed and labour. The half (of the crop) is mine and the half for so-and-so. He said: You conducted usurious transaction. Return the land to its owner and take your wages and cost.
حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، حَدَّثَنَا الْفَضْلُ بْنُ دُكَيْنٍ، حَدَّثَنَا بُكَيْرٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَامِرٍ - عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نُعْمٍ، حَدَّثَنِي رَافِعُ بْنُ خَدِيجٍ، أَنَّهُ زَرَعَ أَرْضًا فَمَرَّ بِهِ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ يَسْقِيهَا فَسَأَلَهُ ‏"‏ لِمَنِ الزَّرْعُ وَلِمَنِ الأَرْضُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ زَرْعِي بِبَذْرِي وَعَمَلِي لِيَ الشَّطْرُ وَلِبَنِي فُلاَنٍ الشَّطْرُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَرْبَيْتُمَا فَرُدَّ الأَرْضَ عَلَى أَهْلِهَا وَخُذْ نَفَقَتَكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Da`eef (Inauthentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3402
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Commercial Transactions, Hadith 3395
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Commercial Transactions, Hadith 3395