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Sunan Abi Dawood 2672
Al Sa’b bin Jaththamah said that he asked the Apostle of Allaahﷺ about the polytheists whose settlemnst were attacked at night when some of their offspring and women were smitten. The Prophetﷺ “They are of them. ‘Amr bin Dinar used to say “they are regarded in the same way as their parents.”

Al-Zuhri said:

Thereafter the Messenger of Allah ﷺ prohibited to kill women and children.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَمْرِو بْنِ السَّرْحِ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ - عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، عَنِ الصَّعْبِ بْنِ جَثَّامَةَ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنِ الدَّارِ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ يُبَيَّتُونَ فَيُصَابُ مِنْ ذَرَارِيِّهِمْ وَنِسَائِهِمْ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ هُمْ مِنْهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَكَانَ عَمْرٌو - يَعْنِي ابْنَ دِينَارٍ - يَقُولُ هُمْ مِنْ آبَائِهِمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ الزُّهْرِيُّ ثُمَّ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ عَنْ قَتْلِ النِّسَاءِ وَالْوِلْدَانِ ‏.‏

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References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 2672
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 3, Book of Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad), Hadith 2666
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad), Hadith 2666