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Saalim bin 'Ubayd (may Allah be pleased with him), a sahaabi narrates:
"Messenger of Allah ﷺ became unconscious (many times) during his (last) illness. When he became conscious he would ask: 'Is it already time for salaah?' When they replied yes, he would say: 'Instruct Bilaal to call out the adhaan, and instruct Abubakr to lead the salaah'. This happened a few times.(He said this because he was too ill to go to the masjid. Sayyidinia Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) was naturally soft-natured. Many a time he would weep easily. Sayyiditina 'Aisha Radiallallahu 'Anha knew her fathers relationship with Messenger of Allah Sallallhu 'Alayhi Wasallam and that he would not be able to withstand the absence of Messenger of Allah Sallallahu'Alayhi Wasallain. Therefore 'Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) made a request. 'My father has a soft heart. If he is going to stand on your place and lead the salaah, he will begin to weep, and will not be able to lead the salaah. Therefore, request someone else to lead the salaah'. In this manner after 'Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) had made several requests;- Messenger of Allah ﷺ replied: 'Do you wish to become of those women in the incident of Yusuf ('Alayhis Salaam). Instruct Abubakr to lead the salaah'. (The 'ulama have given their opinions on the saying of Messenger of Allah ﷺ that. 'You are like the women of Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam'. The first is that by you 'Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) is meant, and by women only Zulaykha is meant. The plural is used as a mark of respect. According to this saying. (a.) The example is given of stressing on talking of things that are of no value, like Zulaykha stressed Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam to do something which was unadvisable and improper. In the same manner you are stressing on a thing which is out of place and incorrect. (b.) just as Zulaykha invited those women who tormented her, outwardly it was an invitation, but the actual reason was that they see the handsomeness and beauty of Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam and will excuse this wickedness of hers. In the sane manner Sayyiditina 'Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) outwardly said this that Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) is soft-natured. He will not be able to stand on your place (in salaah), but she had this in mind, as mentioned by her on another occasion that: "What made me repeat this to Messenger of Allah ﷺ, was that according to me the people would never like such a person, who stands on the place of Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and will think of him as unlucky and unfortunate".The second explanation is that by 'you', Sayyiditina 'Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) and Sayyiditina Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with her) are meant, and by the women of Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam, those women are meant who were invited by Zulaykha. According to this saying too, the following is said: (a.) The example is given on useless talk that both Sayyiditina 'Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) and Sayyiditina Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with her) were stressing something that was improper. In some narrations it is also mentioned that Sayyiditina Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with her) stressed on the same thing. (b.) This similarity is to show and stress on a thing that is not in the heart. Sayyiditina 'Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) had in mind, that if the people see Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) standing on the place of Messenger of Allah ﷺ, they will begin to have evil thoughts of Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him)'Anhu being very unfortunate and unlucky. She also persuaded Sayyiditina Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with her), the daughter of Sayyidina 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) to think alike and side with her, and that Sayyiditina Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with her) may feel the greatness for her father Sayyidina Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)'Anhu, and may also fancy that he would fulfil the position of a successor. Therefore Messenger of Allah ﷺ described to her the similitude of the women of Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam. They outwardly declared their approval of Zulaykha's behaviour with Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam, but secretly each one tried to attract Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam towards themselves. Some of the 'ulama have given other reasons too. Since this is a lengthy hadith, the commentary is being mentioned briefly here. The translation of the remaining portion of this hadith will be mentioned later, where necessary. an explanation is also given. In some narrations it has also been mentioned that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said that Allah Ta'aala and the Muslims would not accept anyone else besides Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him).Carrying out the instructions of Messenger of Allah ﷺ, Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) led the salaah. (He performed seventeen salaahs till the death of Messenger of Allah ﷺ. This incident which is mentioned above began on a Thursday evening. On Thursday the illness of Messenger of Allah ﷺ became worse. All this took place at the time of 'eshaa on Friday night (Thursday night in common usage). From this salaah onwards Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) began leading the prayers. Messenger of Allah ﷺ passed away on a Monday just before midday. Therefore the total number of salaah led by Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) till the death of Messenger of Allah ﷺ is seventeen prayers, which Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) performed continuously. According to this humble servant the illness of Messenger of Allah ﷺ had begun long before this, hence Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) had led the salaah on a number of occasions.)Once during the illness, Messenger of Allah ﷺ felt a bit well during the time of salaah. He asked if there was anyone who could support him till the masjid, Barirah and another person offered themselves, held him by his mubaarak hands and took him to the masjid. Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) sensing the arrival of Messenger of Allah ﷺ, thought of moving back. Messenger of Allah Sallallah 'Alayhi Wasallam signaled him to remain there. Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) completed the salaah. After that Messenger of Allah ﷺ passed away. (He passed away on a Monday).It is apparent what difficulties and hardships the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with him)m experienced at this time, also bearing in mind the mischief of the munaafiqeen-hypocrites and enemies. The upkeep and safeguarding of the garden that Messenger of Allah ﷺ nurtured for twenty three years. Together with all this the passing away of the blessed and noble personality of Messenger of Allah ﷺ, who was so beloved, for whom the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with him)m had sacrificed their homes, family and relatives. On this morning it seemed that he was recovering, actually he was sustaining it and not recovering. After the death of Messenger of Allah ﷺ the news spread quickly, but many people could not believe it. Therefore, 'Umar (a respected and strong hearted person with all the virtues, courage, tolerance etc. could not bear it, and in this state unsheathed his sword and stood up and) began saying, "I swear by Allah that Messenger of Allah ﷺ has not passed away. The person saying Messenger of Allah ﷺ had passed away. I will severe that person's head with my sword". He (Saalim) said, the people were ummis (unlettered-they did read or write), nor was there a nabi among them before this, therefore all those present kept silent. They (the Sahaabah) said to Saalim go to the companion of Messenger of Allah ﷺ and call him.(He is the only one that will bring the boat to shore at this stormy period. Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) after seeing that Messenger of Allah ﷺ was feeling better had taken leave from Messenger of Allah ﷺ to go and visit his family which was about the distance of a mile away). I went to Abubakr ((may Allah be pleased with him)) in the state of shock and tears were flowing from my eyes. At that time he was in the masjid. Upon seeing my state asked: 'Did Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) pass away? I conveyed the news to him and also said to him that 'Umar had said, if he heard anyone saying Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) has died, he would cut off that person's head with that sword of his. Abubakr said, "Let's go". I went with him. He reached the house while the people were gathering around Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). He said: 'O people, make way for me'. The people made way for him. He gave a deep look at the mubaarak face of Messenger of Allah ﷺ and kissed his forehead, then recited this aayah:"Lo! thou will die, and lo! they will die..." - Surah Zumur, 30.Then they (Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with him)m) asked: 'O Companion (Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him)) of Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) has Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) really passed away?' He replied: 'Yes'. Now they accepted. (After that they asked him other questions, because in every question there was a peculiarity.) They said: 'O Companion of Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), should janaazah salaah be performed for Messenger of Allah?' He replied: 'Yes'. They said: 'And how?' He said: 'A group at a time enter the room and perform the janazah salaah individually without jamaa'ah, and return. In this manner all will perform this salaah'. They (the Sahaabah) asked. 'O Companion of Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) shall Messenger of Allah ﷺ be buried?' He replied: 'Yes' They inquired: 'Where?' He replied: 'At the spot where Allah had taken his ruh. Verily'Allah Ta'aala has not taken his ruh but at a venerated place'. They (Sahaabah) knew he said the truth (and became satisfied with all the answers). Thereafter he instructed the family of his (Messenger of Allah ﷺ's) father to carry out the tajheez and takfeen.(Sayyidina 'Ali, Sayyidina Fadl bin 'Abbaas, Sayyidina Usaamah and Sayyidina Shaqraan,-the slave of Messenger of Allah ﷺ-(may Allah be pleased with him)m carried out the tajheez and takfeen.)(And to safeguard Islaam and keep away differences and controversies, he suggested a person should be chosen, and all matters referred to him. In one narration it is stated that when Sayyidina 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) unsheathed his sword and was saying, "The one who says that Messenger of Allah ﷺ has passed away, I will cut off his head". Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) cautioned him and delivered a khutbah wherein he recited the aayah of the Qur-aan: "Muhammad is but a messenger, messengers (the like of whom) have passed away before him..." - Surah Aali 'Imraan, 144.Thereafter he said the one who worshipped Muhammad ﷺ should know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ had passed away, the one who worships Allah, let him know that Allah is living and will live for ever. When the people heard Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) delivering the khutbah, they all attentively turned their attention towards the mimbar. In a narration it is stated, that Abubakr Radiyallah 'Anhu said in this khutbah, it is now necessary to choose a person who shall keep up and guard the deen. Every person should give his view.)The Muhaajireen got together and discussed the matter. They said: 'Lets go to our brothers from among the Ansaar and include them in this matter. The Ansaar said: 'we shall have an amir, and the Muhaajireen, shall have an amir (Upon that Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated the saying of Messenger of Allah Sallallhu 'Alayhi Wasallam that the amirs are from the Quraysh) 'Umar ibnul Khattaab (may Allah be pleased with him) said: 'Who is that person who in one instance possesses these three virtues Whom Allah Ta'aala has mentioned Qur-aan thus: "...(1) the second of two; when they two were in the cave, (2) when he said unto his comrade: Grieve not. (3) Lo! Allah is with us..." - Surah Taubah40.Also other virtues. These three should also be such that they are of the highest order: (l.) To have unity and a close relationship with Messenger of Allah ﷺ and have assisted him when he was alone. (2.) Allah Ta'aala addresses him as the Companion of Sayyidina Rasululah ﷺ'. (3) Be in the company of Allah, as Messenger of Allah ﷺ has said to him that 'Allah is with us'. At that time both Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him) were there, regarding which Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: 'Allah is with us.' Sayyidina'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: 'You say, who are these two persons that are mentioned in the aayah. How great are these two personalities?' i.e. Who can be a greater personality than Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Sayyidina Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him)? Besides this they discussed other matters too, which have been mentioned in the narrations. In one hadith it is stated Sayyidina 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: 'O Ansaar, do you know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ instructed Abubakr to stand on his musallaa (place of prayer)? During the time of his illness he instructed Abubakr to lead the prayers? Who amongst you has the heart to remove such a person from the imaamah, whom Rasululllah ﷺ appointed as an Imaam'. The Ansaar said: 'We seek refuge in Allah. We cannot by pass Abubakr'Thereafter 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) offered him his hand and made bay'ah (allegiance). All the people (present at Saqifah whole heartedly and with eagerness) also made bay'ah on the hands of Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him).
حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْجَهْضَمِيُّ، قَالَ‏:‏ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ دَاوُدَ، قَالَ‏:‏ حَدَّثَنَا سَلَمَةُ بْنُ نُبَيْطٍ، عَنْ نُعَيْمِ بْنِ أَبِي هِنْدَ، عَنْ نُبَيْطِ بْنِ شَرِيطٍ، عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ، وَكَانَتْ لَهُ صُحْبَةٌ، قَالَ‏:‏ أُغْمِيَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم، فِي مَرَضِهِ فَأَفَاقَ، فَقَالَ‏:‏ حَضَرَتِ الصَّلاةُ‏؟‏ فَقَالُوا‏:‏ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ‏:‏ مُرُوا بِلالا فَلْيُؤَذِّنْ، وَمُرُوا أَبَا بَكْرٍ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ للنَّاسِ أَوْ قَالَ‏:‏ بِالنَّاسِ، قَالَ‏:‏ ثُمَّ أُغْمِيَ عَلَيْهِ، فَأَفَاقَ، فَقَالَ‏:‏ حَضَرَتِ الصَّلاةُ‏؟‏ فَقَالُوا‏:‏ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ‏:‏ مُرُوا بِلالا فَلْيُؤَذِّنْ، وَمُرُوا أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلْيُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ، فَقَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ‏:‏ إِنَّ أَبِي رَجُلٌ أَسِيفٌ، إِذَا قَامَ ذَلِكَ الْمَقَامَ بَكَى فَلا يَسْتَطِيعُ، فَلَوْ أَمَرْتَ غَيْرَهُ، قَالَ‏:‏ ثُمَّ أُغْمِيَ عَلَيْهِ فَأَفَاقَ فَقَالَ‏:‏ مُرُوا بِلالا فَلْيُؤَذِّنْ، وَمُرُوا أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلْيُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ، فَإِنَّكُنَّ صَوَاحِبُ أَوْ صَوَاحِبَاتُ يُوسُفَ، قَالَ‏:‏ فَأُمِرَ بِلالٌ فَأَذَّنَ، وَأُمِرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ، ثُمَّ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم، وَجَدَ خِفَّةً، فَقَالَ‏:‏ انْظُرُوا لِي مَنْ أَتَّكِئِ عَلَيْهِ، فَجَاءَتْ بَرِيرَةُ، وَرَجُلٌ آخَرُ، فَاتَّكَأَ عَلَيْهِمَا فَلَمَّا رَآهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ذَهَبَ لِينْكُصَ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يَثْبُتَ مَكَانَهُ، حَتَّى قَضَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ صَلاتَهُ‏.‏‏.‏ ثُمَّ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قُبِضَ، فَقَالَ عُمَرُ‏:‏ وَاللَّهِ لا أَسْمَعُ أَحَدًا يَذْكُرُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم، قُبِضَ إِلا ضَرَبْتُهُ بِسَيْفِي هَذَا، قَالَ‏:‏ وَكَانَ النَّاسُ أُمِّيِّينَ لَمْ يَكُنْ فِيهِمْ نَبِيٌّ قَبْلَهُ، فَأَمْسَكَ النَّاسُ، فَقَالُوا‏:‏ يَا سَالِمُ، انْطَلِقْ إِلَى صَاحِبِ رَسُولِ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَادْعُهُ، فَأَتَيْتُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَهُوَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَأَتَيْتُهُ أَبْكِي دَهِشًا، فَلَمَّا رَآنِي، قَالَ‏:‏ أَقُبِضَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏؟‏ قُلْتُ‏:‏ إِنَّ عُمَرَ، يَقُولُ‏:‏ لا أَسْمَعُ أَحَدًا يَذْكُرُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قُبِضَ إِلا ضَرَبْتُهُ بِسَيْفِي هَذَا، فَقَالَ لِي‏:‏ انْطَلِقْ، فَانْطَلَقْتُ مَعَهُ، فَجَاءَ هُوَ وَالنَّاسُ قَدْ دَخَلُوا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم، فَقَالَ‏:‏ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ، أَفْرِجُوا لِي، فَأَفْرَجُوا لَهُ فَجَاءَ حَتَّى أَكَبَّ عَلَيْهِ وَمَسَّهُ، فَقَالَ‏:‏ إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُمْ مَيِّتُونَ، ثُمَّ قَالُوا‏:‏ يَا صَاحِبَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم، أَقُبِضَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏؟‏ قَالَ‏:‏ نَعَمْ، فَعَلِمُوا أَنْ قَدْ صَدَقَ، قَالُوا‏:‏ يَا صَاحِبَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم، أَيُصَلَّى عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ‏؟‏ قَالَ‏:‏ نَعَمْ، قَالُوا‏:‏ وَكَيْفَ‏؟‏ قَالَ‏:‏ يَدْخُلُ قَوْمٌ فَيُكَبِّرُونَ وَيُصَلُّونَ، وَيَدْعُونَ، ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُونَ، ثُمَّ يَدْخُلُ قَوْمٌ فَيُكَبِّرُونَ وَيُصَلُّونَ وَيَدْعُونَ، ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُونَ، حَتَّى يَدْخُلَ النَّاسُ، قَالُوا‏:‏ يَا صَاحِبَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم، أَيُدْفَنُ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏؟‏ قَالَ‏:‏ نَعَمْ، قَالُوا‏:‏ أَينَ‏؟‏ قَالَ‏:‏ فِي الْمكَانِ الَّذِي قَبَضَ اللَّهُ فِيهِ رُوحَهُ، فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمْ يَقْبِضْ رُوحَهُ إِلا فِي مَكَانٍ طَيِّبٍ فَعَلِمُوا أَنْ قَدْ صَدَقَ، ثُمَّ أَمَرَهُمْ أَنْ يَغْسِلَهُ بَنُو أَبِيهِ، وَاجْتَمَعَ الْمُهَاجِرُونَ يَتَشَاوَرُونَ، فَقَالُوا‏:‏ انْطَلِقْ بِنَا إِلَى إِخْوانِنَا مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ نُدْخِلُهُمْ مَعَنَا فِي هَذَا الأَمْرِ، فَقَالَتِ الأَنْصَارُ‏:‏ مِنَّا أَمِيرٌ وَمِنْكُمْ أَمِيرٌ، فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ‏:‏ مَنْ لَهُ مِثْلُ هَذِهِ الثَّلاثِ ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ إِذْ هُمَا فِي الْغَارِ إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ لا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَنَا مَنْ هُمَا‏؟‏ قَالَ‏:‏ ثُمَّ بَسَطَ يَدَهُ فَبَايَعَهُ وَبَايَعَهُ النَّاسُ بَيْعَةً حَسَنَةً جَمِيلَةً‏.‏

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References

• Shama'il al-Muhammadiya, Book of The Death Of Prophet of Allah ﷺ, Hadith 379