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Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah's Messenger ﷺ forbidding Muhaqala, and Muzabana, and Mukhabara, and the buying of date-palm until its fruit is ripened (ripening means that its colour becomes red or yellow, or it is fit for being eaten). And Muhaqala implies that crops in the field are bought for grains according to a customary measure. Muzabana implies that date-palm should be sold for dry dates by measuring them with wisqs, and al-Mukhabara is (a share), maybe one-third or one-fourth (in produce) or something like it. Zaid (one of the narrators) said to Ata' b. Abu Rabah (the other narrator): Did You bear Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) making a mention of it that he had heard it directly from Allah's Messenger ﷺ? He said: Yes.
حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي خَلَفٍ، كِلاَهُمَا عَنْ زَكَرِيَّاءَ، قَالَ ابْنُ أَبِي خَلَفٍ حَدَّثَنَا زَكَرِيَّاءُ بْنُ عَدِيٍّ، أَخْبَرَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي أُنَيْسَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْوَلِيدِ الْمَكِّيُّ، وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ عِنْدَ عَطَاءِ بْنِ أَبِي رَبَاحٍ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنِ الْمُحَاقَلَةِ وَالْمُزَابَنَةِ وَالْمُخَابَرَةِ وَأَنْ تُشْتَرَى النَّخْلُ حَتَّى تُشْقِهَ - وَالإِشْقَاهُ أَنْ يَحْمَرَّ أَوْ يَصْفَرَّ أَوْ يُؤْكَلَ مِنْهُ شَىْءٌ - وَالْمُحَاقَلَةُ أَنْ يُبَاعَ الْحَقْلُ بِكَيْلٍ مِنَ الطَّعَامِ مَعْلُومٍ وَالْمُزَابَنَةُ أَنْ يُبَاعَ النَّخْلُ بِأَوْسَاقٍ مِنَ التَّمْرِ وَالْمُخَابَرَةُ الثُّلُثُ وَالرُّبُعُ وَأَشْبَاهُ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ زَيْدٌ قُلْتُ لِعَطَاءِ بْنِ أَبِي رَبَاحٍ أَسَمِعْتَ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ يَذْكُرُ هَذَا عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ نَعَمْ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sahih Muslim, 1536f
• Sahih Muslim, Vol. 4, Book of Transactions, Hadith 3710
• Sahih Muslim, Book of Transactions, Hadith 3710