The first Sura in which a prostration was mentioned, was Sura An-Najm (The Star). Allah's Apostle prostrated (while reciting it), and everybody behind him prostrated except a man whom I saw taking a hand-full of dust in his hand and prostrated on it. Later I saw that man killed as an infidel, and he was Umaiya bin Khalaf.
Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 6, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an, Hadith 386
Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an, Hadith 386