Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves

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Volume 4
43 ahādīth
Abu Hurairah reported the Prophet ﷺ as saying:

If anyone emancipates a share in his slave, he should completely emancipate him if he has money; but if he has none, then slave will be required to work (to pay for his freedom), but he must not be overburdened.
حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبَانُ، - يَعْنِي الْعَطَّارَ - حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ، عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ، عَنْ بَشِيرِ بْنِ نَهِيكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ مَنْ أَعْتَقَ شَقِيصًا فِي مَمْلُوكِهِ فَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يُعْتِقَهُ كُلَّهُ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ مَالٌ وَإِلاَّ اسْتُسْعِيَ الْعَبْدُ غَيْرَ مَشْقُوقٍ عَلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3937
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3926
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3926
Abu Hurairah reported the Prophet ﷺ as saying:

If anyone emancipates his share in a slave, he is to be completely emancipated by his money if he has money. But if he has no money, a fair price for the slave should be fixed, and the slave is required to work for his master according to the proportion of his price, but he must not be overburdened.

Abu Dawud said: In the version of both the narrators the words are "he will be required to work and must not be overburdened". This is the version of 'Ali.
حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، أَخْبَرَنَا يَزِيدُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ زُرَيْعٍ - ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ، - وَهَذَا لَفْظُهُ - عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي عَرُوبَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ، عَنْ بَشِيرِ بْنِ نَهِيكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ مَنْ أَعْتَقَ شِقْصًا لَهُ - أَوْ شَقِيصًا لَهُ - فِي مَمْلُوكٍ فَخَلاَصُهُ عَلَيْهِ فِي مَالِهِ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ مَالٌ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ مَالٌ قُوِّمَ الْعَبْدُ قِيمَةَ عَدْلٍ ثُمَّ اسْتُسْعِيَ لِصَاحِبِهِ فِي قِيمَتِهِ غَيْرَ مَشْقُوقٍ عَلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ فِي حَدِيثِهِمَا جَمِيعًا ‏"‏ فَاسْتُسْعِيَ غَيْرَ مَشْقُوقٍ عَلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَهَذَا لَفْظُ عَلِيٍّ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3938
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3927
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3927
The tradition mentioned above by Rawh b. 'Ubadah from Sa'id b. Abu 'Arubah. In this version he did not mention the words "the slave should be required to work." If has also been transmitted by Jarir b. Hazim and Musa b. Khalaf from Qatadah through the chain of Yazid b. Zurai' and to the same effect. In this version they mentioned the words "the slave should be required to work"
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، وَابْنُ أَبِي عَدِيٍّ، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ، بِإِسْنَادِهِ وَمَعْنَاهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرَوَاهُ رَوْحُ بْنُ عُبَادَةَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي عَرُوبَةَ، لَمْ يَذْكُرِ السِّعَايَةَ وَرَوَاهُ جَرِيرُ بْنُ حَازِمٍ وَمُوسَى بْنُ خَلَفٍ جَمِيعًا عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، بِإِسْنَادِ يَزِيدَ بْنِ زُرَيْعٍ وَمَعْنَاهُ وَذَكَرَا فِيهِ السِّعَايَةَ ‏.‏

Classification

No Data

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3939
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3928
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3928
'Abd Allah b. 'Umar reported the Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying:

If anyone emancipates his share in slave, a fair price for the slave should be fixed, give his partners their shares, and the slave be thus emancipated. Otherwise he is emancipated to the extent of the share which he emancipated.
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏
"‏ مَنْ أَعْتَقَ شِرْكًا لَهُ فِي مَمْلُوكٍ أُقِيمَ عَلَيْهِ قِيمَةَ الْعَدْلِ فَأَعْطَى شُرَكَاءَهُ حِصَصَهُمْ وَأُعْتِقَ عَلَيْهِ الْعَبْدُ وَإِلاَّ فَقَدْ عَتَقَ مِنْهُ مَا عَتَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3940
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3929
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3929
The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Ibn 'Umar to the same effect through a different chain of narrators. Nafi' sometimes said:

He will be emancipated to the extent of the share which he emancipated, and sometimes he did not say these words.
حَدَّثَنَا مُؤَمَّلٌ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِمَعْنَاهُ قَالَ وَكَانَ نَافِعٌ رُبَّمَا قَالَ ‏
"‏ فَقَدْ عَتَقَ مِنْهُ مَا عَتَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَرُبَّمَا لَمْ يَقُلْهُ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3941
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3930
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3930
The tradition mentioned above has also been narrated by Ibn 'Umar from the Prophet ﷺ. The narrator Ayyub said:

I do not know whether the following words are part of the tradition of the Prophet ﷺ or Nafi' told them himself: "Otherwise he will be emancipated to the extent of the first man's share."
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ أَيُّوبُ فَلاَ أَدْرِي هُوَ فِي الْحَدِيثِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَوْ شَىْءٌ قَالَهُ نَافِعٌ وَإِلاَّ عَتَقَ مِنْهُ مَا عَتَقَ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih ul-Isnaad (Authentic Chain)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3942
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3931
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3931
Ibn 'Umar reported the Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying:

If anyone emancipates his share in a slave, he should emancipate him completely if he has enough money to pay the full price ; but if he has none, he will be emancipated to the extent of his share.
حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى الرَّازِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ مَنْ أَعْتَقَ شِرْكًا مِنْ مَمْلُوكٍ لَهُ فَعَلَيْهِ عِتْقُهُ كُلُّهُ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ مَا يَبْلُغُ ثَمَنَهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ مَالٌ عَتَقَ نَصِيبُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3943
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3932
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3932
The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Ibn 'Umar from the Prophet ﷺ to the same effect as mentioned by Ibrahim b. Musa through a different chain.
حَدَّثَنَا مَخْلَدُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ، أَخْبَرَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِمَعْنَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُوسَى ‏.‏

Classification

No Data

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3944
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3933
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3933
The tradition mentioned above has also been narrated by Ibn 'Umar through a different chain of transmitters to the same effect as mentioned by Malik. In this version there is no mention of the words "otherwise he will be emancipated to the extent of the first man's share." His version ends "and the slave be thus emancipated," to the same effect as he (Malik) mentioned.
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَسْمَاءَ، حَدَّثَنَا جُوَيْرِيَةُ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِمَعْنَى مَالِكٍ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ ‏"‏ وَإِلاَّ فَقَدْ عَتَقَ مِنْهُ مَا عَتَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ انْتَهَى حَدِيثُهُ إِلَى ‏"‏ وَأُعْتِقَ عَلَيْهِ الْعَبْدُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ عَلَى مَعْنَاهُ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3945
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3934
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3934
Ibn 'Umar reported the Prophet ﷺ as saying:

If a man emancipates his share in a slave, the rest will be emancipated by his money if he has enough money to pay the full price for him.
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏
"‏ مَنْ أَعْتَقَ شِرْكًا لَهُ فِي عَبْدٍ عَتَقَ مِنْهُ مَا بَقِيَ فِي مَالِهِ إِذَا كَانَ لَهُ مَا يَبْلُغُ ثَمَنَ الْعَبْدِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3946
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3935
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Manumission of Slaves, Hadith 3935