Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah)

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Volume 4
119 ahādīth
Narrated Zubayr ibn Uthman:

The Prophet ﷺ said: The wedding feast on the first day is a duty, that on the second is a good practice, but that on the third day is to make men hear of it and show it to them. Qatadah said: A man told me that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab was invited (to a wedding feast on the first day and he accepted it. He was again invited on the second day, and he accepted. When he was invited on the third day, he did not accept; he said: They are the people who make men hear of it and show it to them.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ، حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ الثَّقَفِيِّ، عَنْ رَجُلٍ، أَعْوَرَ مِنْ ثَقِيفٍ كَانَ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَعْرُوفًا - أَىْ يُثْنَى عَلَيْهِ خَيْرًا إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنِ اسْمُهُ زُهَيْرُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ فَلاَ أَدْرِي مَا اسْمُهُ - أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏
"‏ الْوَلِيمَةُ أَوَّلُ يَوْمٍ حَقٌّ وَالثَّانِي مَعْرُوفٌ وَالْيَوْمُ الثَّالِثُ سُمْعَةٌ وَرِيَاءٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ قَتَادَةُ وَحَدَّثَنِي رَجُلٌ أَنَّ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ دُعِيَ أَوَّلَ يَوْمٍ فَأَجَابَ وَدُعِيَ الْيَوْمَ الثَّانِي فَأَجَابَ وَدُعِيَ الْيَوْمَ الثَّالِثَ فَلَمْ يُجِبْ وَقَالَ أَهْلُ سُمْعَةٍ وَرِيَاءٍ ‏.‏

Classification

Da`eef (Inauthentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3745
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3736
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3736
Qatadah reported this story from Sa’id b. al-Musayyab. This version adds:

When he was invited on the third day, he did not accept but threw pebbles on the messenger.
حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، بِهَذِهِ الْقِصَّةِ قَالَ فَدُعِيَ الْيَوْمَ الثَّالِثَ فَلَمْ يُجِبْ وَحَصَبَ الرَّسُولَ ‏.‏

Classification

Da`eef (Inauthentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3746
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3737
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3737
Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

When the Prophet ﷺ returned to Medina, he would slaughter a camel or a cow.
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ مُحَارِبِ بْنِ دِثَارٍ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا قَدِمَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْمَدِينَةَ نَحَرَ جَزُورًا أَوْ بَقَرَةً ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih ul-Isnaad (Authentic Chain)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3747
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3738
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3738
Abu Shuraih al-Ka’bi reported the Messenger of Allahﷺ as sayings:

He who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his guest provisions for the road are what will serve for a day and night: hospitality extends for three days; what goes after that is sadaqah(charity): and it is not allowable that a guest should stay till he makes himself an encumbrance.

Abu Dawud said: Malik was asked about the saying of the Prophet: "Provisions for the road what will serve for a day a night." He said: He should honor him, present him some gift, and protect him for a day and night, and hospitality for three days.
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي شُرَيْحٍ الْكَعْبِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ مَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَلْيُكْرِمْ ضَيْفَهُ جَائِزَتُهُ يَوْمُهُ وَلَيْلَتُهُ الضِّيَافَةُ ثَلاَثَةُ أَيَّامٍ وَمَا بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فَهُوَ صَدَقَةٌ وَلاَ يَحِلُّ لَهُ أَنْ يَثْوِيَ عِنْدَهُ حَتَّى يُحْرِجَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ قُرِئَ عَلَى الْحَارِثِ بْنِ مِسْكِينٍ وَأَنَا شَاهِدٌ أَخْبَرَكُمْ أَشْهَبُ قَالَ وَسُئِلَ مَالِكٌ عَنْ قَوْلِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ جَائِزَتُهُ يَوْمٌ وَلَيْلَةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ يُكْرِمُهُ وَيُتْحِفُهُ وَيَحْفَظُهُ يَوْمًا وَلَيْلَةً وَثَلاَثَةُ أَيَّامٍ ضِيَافَةٌ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3748
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3739
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3739
Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet ﷺ said: Hospitality extend for three days, and what goes beyond that is sadaqah (charity).
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ عَاصِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏
"‏ الضِّيَافَةُ ثَلاَثَةُ أَيَّامٍ فَمَا سِوَى ذَلِكَ فَهُوَ صَدَقَةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

No Data

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3749
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3740
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3740
Narrated AbuKarimah:

The Prophet ﷺ said: It is a duty of every Muslim (to provide hospitality) to a guest for a night. If anyone comes in the morning to his house, it is a debt due to him. If he wishes, he may fulfil it, and if he wishes he may leave it.
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، وَخَلَفُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ عَامِرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي كَرِيمَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ لَيْلَةُ الضَّيْفِ حَقٌّ عَلَى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ فَمَنْ أَصْبَحَ بِفِنَائِهِ فَهُوَ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ إِنْ شَاءَ اقْتَضَى وَإِنْ شَاءَ تَرَكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3750
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3741
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3741
Narrated Al-Miqdam AbuKarimah:

The Prophet ﷺ said: If any Muslim is a guest of people and is given nothing, it is the duty of every Muslim to help him to the extent of taking for him from their crop and property for the entertainment of one night.
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو الْجُودِيِّ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي الْمُهَاجِرِ، عَنِ الْمِقْدَامِ أَبِي كَرِيمَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ أَيُّمَا رَجُلٍ أَضَافَ قَوْمًا فَأَصْبَحَ الضَّيْفُ مَحْرُومًا فَإِنَّ نَصْرَهُ حَقٌّ عَلَى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ حَتَّى يَأْخُذَ بِقِرَى لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ زَرْعِهِ وَمَالِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Da`eef (Inauthentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3751
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3742
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3742
‘Uqbah b. ‘Amir said:

we said: Messenger of Allah! You send us out and we come to people who do not give hospitality, so what is your opinion? The Messenger of Allahﷺ said: If you come to people who order for you what is fitting for a guest, accept it; but if they do not, take from them what is fitting for them to give to a guest.

Abu Dawud said: And this is an authority for a man to take a thing if it is due to him.
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الْخَيْرِ، عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ قُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّكَ تَبْعَثُنَا فَنَنْزِلُ بِقَوْمٍ فَمَا يَقْرُونَنَا فَمَا تَرَى فَقَالَ لَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏
"‏ إِنْ نَزَلْتُمْ بِقَوْمٍ فَأَمَرُوا لَكُمْ بِمَا يَنْبَغِي لِلضَّيْفِ فَاقْبَلُوا فَإِنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلُوا فَخُذُوا مِنْهُمْ حَقَّ الضَّيْفِ الَّذِي يَنْبَغِي لَهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذِهِ حُجَّةٌ لِلرَّجُلِ يَأْخُذُ الشَّىْءَ إِذَا كَانَ لَهُ حَقًّا ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3752
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3743
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3743
Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas:

When the verse: "O ye who believe! eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities, but let there be amongst you traffic and trade by mutual good will" was revealed, a man thought it a sin to eat in the house of another man after the revelation of this verse.

Then this (injunction) was revealed by the verse in Surat an-Nur: "No blame on you whether you eat in company or separately."

When a rich man (after revelation) invited a man from his people to eat food in his house, he would say: I consider it a sin to eat from it, and he said: a poor man is more entitled to it than I. The Arabic word tajannah means sin or fault. It was then declared lawful to eat something on which the name of Allah was mentioned, and it was made lawful to eat the flesh of an animal slaughtered by the people of the Book.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمَرْوَزِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ وَاقِدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ النَّحْوِيِّ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ ‏{‏ لاَ تَأْكُلُوا أَمْوَالَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ بِالْبَاطِلِ إِلاَّ أَنْ تَكُونَ تِجَارَةً عَنْ تَرَاضٍ مِنْكُمْ ‏}‏ فَكَانَ الرَّجُلُ يُحْرَجُ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ عِنْدَ أَحَدٍ مِنَ النَّاسِ بَعْدَ مَا نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ فَنَسَخَ ذَلِكَ الآيَةُ الَّتِي فِي النُّورِ قَالَ ‏{‏ لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ ‏}‏ ‏{‏ أَنْ تَأْكُلُوا مِنْ بُيُوتِكُمْ ‏}‏ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ ‏{‏ أَشْتَاتًا ‏}‏ كَانَ الرَّجُلُ الْغَنِيُّ يَدْعُو الرَّجُلَ مِنْ أَهْلِهِ إِلَى الطَّعَامِ قَالَ إِنِّي لأَجَّنَّحُ أَنْ آكُلَ مِنْهُ ‏.‏ وَالتَّجَنُّحُ الْحَرَجُ وَيَقُولُ الْمِسْكِينُ أَحَقُّ بِهِ مِنِّي ‏.‏ فَأُحِلَّ فِي ذَلِكَ أَنْ يَأْكُلُوا مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَأُحِلَّ طَعَامُ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ ‏.‏

Classification

Hasan ul-Isnaad (Good Chain)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3753
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3744
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3744
Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet ﷺ forbade that the food of two people who were rivalling on another should be eaten

Abu Dawud said: Most of those who narrated it from Jarir did not mention the name of Ibn Abbas. Harun al-Nahwi mentioned Ibn 'Abbas in it, and Hammad bin Zaid did not mention Ibn 'Abbas.
حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي الزَّرْقَاءِ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرُ بْنُ حَازِمٍ، عَنِ الزُّبَيْرِ بْنِ خِرِّيتٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عِكْرِمَةَ، يَقُولُ كَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَقُولُ إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنْ طَعَامِ الْمُتَبَارِيَيْنِ أَنْ يُؤْكَلَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ أَكْثَرُ مَنْ رَوَاهُ عَنْ جَرِيرٍ لاَ يَذْكُرُ فِيهِ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ وَهَارُونُ النَّحْوِيُّ ذَكَرَ فِيهِ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ أَيْضًا وَحَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ لَمْ يَذْكُرِ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 3754
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3745
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Foods (Kitab Al-Atimah), Hadith 3745