Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows

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Sunan Abi Dawood 3248
Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet ﷺ said: Do not swear by your fathers, or by your mothers, or by rivals to Allah; and swear by Allah only, and swear by Allah only when you are speaking the truth.
حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا عَوْفٌ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ لاَ تَحْلِفُوا بِآبَائِكُمْ وَلاَ بِأُمَّهَاتِكُمْ وَلاَ بِالأَنْدَادِ وَلاَ تَحْلِفُوا إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ وَلاَ تَحْلِفُوا بِاللَّهِ إِلاَّ وَأَنْتُمْ صَادِقُونَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3248
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3242
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3242
Sunan Abi Dawood 3249
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ found 'Umar al-Khattab in a caravan while he was swearing by his father. So he said: Allah forbids you to swear by forefathers. If anyone swears, he must swear by Allah or keep silence.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَدْرَكَهُ وَهُوَ فِي رَكْبٍ وَهُوَ يَحْلِفُ بِأَبِيهِ فَقَالَ ‏
"‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَنْهَاكُمْ أَنْ تَحْلِفُوا بِآبَائِكُمْ فَمَنْ كَانَ حَالِفًا فَلْيَحْلِفْ بِاللَّهِ أَوْ لِيَسْكُتْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3249
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3243
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3243
Sunan Abi Dawood 3250
The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Ibn 'Umar through a different chain of narrators to the same effect up to the words "by your fathers". This version adds:

" 'Umar said: I swear by Allah, I never swore by it personally or reporting it from others."
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عُمَرَ، - رضى الله عنه - قَالَ سَمِعَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَحْوَ مَعْنَاهُ إِلَى ‏
"‏ بِآبَائِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ زَادَ قَالَ عُمَرُ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا حَلَفْتُ بِهَذَا ذَاكِرًا وَلاَ آثِرًا ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3250
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3244
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3244
Sunan Abi Dawood 3251
Sa'id ibn Ubaydah said:

Ibn Umar heard a man swearing: No, I swear by the Ka'bah. Ibn Umar said to him: I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say: He who swears by anyone but Allah is polytheist.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ إِدْرِيسَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الْحَسَنَ بْنَ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدَةَ، قَالَ سَمِعَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ، رَجُلاً يَحْلِفُ لاَ وَالْكَعْبَةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ ابْنُ عُمَرَ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏
"‏ مَنْ حَلَفَ بِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ أَشْرَكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3251
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3245
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3245
Sunan Abi Dawood 3252
Referring to the story of a bedouin, Talhah b. 'Ubaid Allah reported the Prophet ﷺ as saying:

He became successful, by his father, if he speaks the truth, he will enter paradise, by his father, if he speaks truth.
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْعَتَكِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ الْمَدَنِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِي سُهَيْلٍ، نَافِعِ بْنِ مَالِكِ بْنِ أَبِي عَامِرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ طَلْحَةَ بْنَ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ يَعْنِي فِي، حَدِيثِ قِصَّةِ الأَعْرَابِيِّ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ أَفْلَحَ وَأَبِيهِ إِنْ صَدَقَ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ وَأَبِيهِ إِنْ صَدَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

No Data

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3252
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3246
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3246
Sunan Abi Dawood 3253
Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib:

The Prophet ﷺ said: He who swears by Amanah (faithfulness) is not one of our number.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ، حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ ثَعْلَبَةَ الطَّائِيُّ، عَنِ ابْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ مَنْ حَلَفَ بِالأَمَانَةِ فَلَيْسَ مِنَّا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3253
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3247
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3247
Sunan Abi Dawood 3254
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said about the futile oath: It is man's speech in his house: No, by Allah, and Yes, by Allah.

Abu Dawud said: Ibrahim al-Sa'igh, the narrator of this tradition , was a pious man. Abu Muslim killed him at 'Aranda. When he raised a hammed and heard the call to prayer, he gave it up.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been transmitted by Dawud b. Abi al-Furat from Ibrahim al-Sa'igh as a statement of 'Aishah (not attributed to the Prophet). Similarly, it has been transmitted by al-Zuhri, 'Abd al-Malik b. Abi Sulaiman and Malik b. Mughul. All of them transmitted it from 'Ata on the authority of 'Aishah on her own statement.
حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ الشَّامِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا حَسَّانُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ - حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ، - يَعْنِي الصَّائِغَ - عَنْ عَطَاءٍ، فِي اللَّغْوِ فِي الْيَمِينِ قَالَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏
"‏ هُوَ كَلاَمُ الرَّجُلِ فِي بَيْتِهِ كَلاَّ وَاللَّهِ وَبَلَى وَاللَّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ كَانَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الصَّائِغُ رَجُلاً صَالِحًا قَتَلَهُ أَبُو مُسْلِمٍ بِعَرَنْدَسَ قَالَ وَكَانَ إِذَا رَفَعَ الْمَطْرَقَةَ فَسَمِعَ النِّدَاءَ سَيَّبَهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَى هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ دَاوُدُ بْنُ أَبِي الْفُرَاتِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الصَّائِغِ مَوْقُوفًا عَلَى عَائِشَةَ وَكَذَلِكَ رَوَاهُ الزُّهْرِيُّ وَعَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ أَبِي سُلَيْمَانَ وَمَالِكُ بْنُ مِغْوَلٍ وَكُلُّهُمْ عَنْ عَطَاءٍ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ مَوْقُوفًا ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3254
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3248
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3248
Sunan Abi Dawood 3255
Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying: Your oath should be about something regarding which your companion will believe you.

Musaddad said: 'Abd Allah b. Abi Salih narrated to me.

Abu Dawud said: Both of them refer to the same person: 'Abbad b. Abu Salih and 'Abd Allah b. Abi Salih.
حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَوْنٍ، قَالَ أَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، عَنْ عَبَّادِ بْنِ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ يَمِينُكَ عَلَى مَا يُصَدِّقُكَ عَلَيْهَا صَاحِبُكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مُسَدَّدٌ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي صَالِحٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ هُمَا وَاحِدٌ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي صَالِحٍ وَعَبَّادُ بْنُ أَبِي صَالِحٍ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3255
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3249
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3249
Sunan Abi Dawood 3256
Narrated Suwayd ibn Hanzalah:

We went out intending (to visit) the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Wa'il ibn Hujr was with us. His enemy caught him. The people desisted from swearing an oath, but I took an oath that he was my brother. So he left him. We then came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and I informed him that the people desisted from taking the oath, but I swore that he was my brother. He said: You spoke the truth: A Muslim is a brother of a Muslim.
حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النَّاقِدُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أَحْمَدَ الزُّبَيْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى، عَنْ جَدَّتِهِ، عَنْ أَبِيهَا، سُوَيْدِ بْنِ حَنْظَلَةَ قَالَ خَرَجْنَا نُرِيدُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَمَعَنَا وَائِلُ بْنُ حُجْرٍ فَأَخَذَهُ عَدُوٌّ لَهُ فَتَحَرَّجَ الْقَوْمُ أَنْ يَحْلِفُوا وَحَلَفْتُ أَنَّهُ أَخِي فَخَلَّى سَبِيلَهُ فَأَتَيْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ أَنَّ الْقَوْمَ تَحَرَّجُوا أَنْ يَحْلِفُوا وَحَلَفْتُ أَنَّهُ أَخِي قَالَ ‏
"‏ صَدَقْتَ الْمُسْلِمُ أَخُو الْمُسْلِمِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3256
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3250
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3250
Sunan Abi Dawood 3257
Thabit bin Adh-Dahhak narratted:

That he swore allegiance to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ beneath the tree, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: "Whoever swears by a religion other than Islam, telling a deliberate lie, it will be as he said, and whoever kills himself with something, he will be punished with it on the Day of Resurrection, and a man cannot vow concerning that which he does not possess."
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو تَوْبَةَ الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ سَلاَّمٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو قِلاَبَةَ، أَنَّ ثَابِتَ بْنَ الضَّحَّاكِ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ، بَايَعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَحْتَ الشَّجَرَةِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏
"‏ مَنْ حَلَفَ بِمِلَّةٍ غَيْرِ مِلَّةِ الإِسْلاَمِ كَاذِبًا فَهُوَ كَمَا قَالَ وَمَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ بِشَىْءٍ عُذِّبَ بِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَلَيْسَ عَلَى رَجُلٍ نَذْرٌ فِيمَا لاَ يَمْلِكُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3257
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3251
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3251
Sunan Abi Dawood 3258
Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib:

The Prophet ﷺ said: If anyone takes an oath and says: I am free from Islam; now if he is a liar (in his oath), he will not return to Islam with soundness.
حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ الْحُبَابِ، حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ وَاقِدٍ - حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ مَنْ حَلَفَ فَقَالَ إِنِّي بَرِيءٌ مِنَ الإِسْلاَمِ فَإِنْ كَانَ كَاذِبًا فَهُوَ كَمَا قَالَ، وَإِنْ كَانَ صَادِقًا فَلَنْ يَرْجِعَ إِلَى الإِسْلاَمِ سَالِمًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3258
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3252
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3252
Sunan Abi Dawood 3259
Narrated Yusuf ibn Abdullah ibn Salam:

I saw that the Prophet ﷺ put a date on a loaf and said: This is a thing eaten with bread (condiments).
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ، عَنْ يُوسُفَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَلاَمٍ، قَالَ ‏:‏ رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَضَعَ تَمْرَةً عَلَى كِسْرَةٍ فَقَالَ ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ هَذِهِ إِدَامُ هَذِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Da`eef (Inauthentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3259
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3253
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3253
Sunan Abi Dawood 3260
A similar tradition has also been transmitted by Yusuf b. 'Abd Allah b. Salam through a different chain of narrators.
حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ يَزِيدَ الأَعْوَرِ، عَنْ يُوسُفَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَلاَمٍ، مِثْلَهُ ‏.‏

Classification

No Data

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3260
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3254
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3254
Sunan Abi Dawood 3261
Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet ﷺ said: If anyone says when swearing an oath: "If Allah wills," he makes an exception.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، يَبْلُغُ بِهِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ مَنْ حَلَفَ عَلَى يَمِينٍ فَقَالَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ فَقَدِ اسْتَثْنَى ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3261
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3255
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3255
Sunan Abi Dawood 3262
Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet ﷺ said: If anyone swears an oath and makes an exception, he may fulfil it if he wishes and break it if he wishes without any accountability for breaking.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى، وَمُسَدَّدٌ، - وَهَذَا حَدِيثُهُ - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ مَنْ حَلَفَ فَاسْتَثْنَى فَإِنْ شَاءَ رَجَعَ، وَإِنْ شَاءَ تَرَكَ غَيْرَ حِنْثٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3262
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3256
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3256
Sunan Abi Dawood 3263
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:

The oath which the Messenger of Allah ﷺ often used was this: No, by Him who overturns the hearts.
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النُّفَيْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ عُقْبَةَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ ‏:‏ أَكْثَرُ مَا كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَحْلِفُ بِهَذِهِ الْيَمِينِ ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ لاَ، وَمُقَلِّبِ الْقُلُوبِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3263
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3257
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3257
Sunan Abi Dawood 3264
Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ swore an oath strongly, he said: No, by Him in Whose hand is the soul of AbulQasim.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا عِكْرِمَةُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ شُمَيْخٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ ‏:‏ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا اجْتَهَدَ فِي الْيَمِينِ قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ وَالَّذِي نَفْسُ أَبِي الْقَاسِمِ بِيَدِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Da`eef (Inauthentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3264
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3258
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3258
Sunan Abi Dawood 3265
Narrated AbuHurayrah:

When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ swore an oath, it was: No, and I beg forgiveness of Allah.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ أَبِي رِزْمَةَ، أَخْبَرَنِي زَيْدُ بْنُ حُبَابٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ هِلاَلٍ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي أَنَّهُ، سَمِعَ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ ‏:‏ كَانَتْ يَمِينُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا حَلَفَ يَقُولُ ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ لاَ، وَأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Da`eef (Inauthentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3265
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3259
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3259
Sunan Abi Dawood 3266
Narrated Laqit ibn Amir:

We came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in a delegation. The Prophet ﷺ then said: By the age of thy god.
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ حَمْزَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ السَّمَعِيُّ الأَنْصَارِيُّ، عَنْ دَلْهَمِ بْنِ الأَسْوَدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حَاجِبِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ الْمُنْتَفِقِ الْعُقَيْلِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ، لَقِيطِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ قَالَ دَلْهَمٌ وَحَدَّثَنِيهِ أَيْضًا الأَسْوَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ لَقِيطٍ، ‏:‏ أَنَّ لَقِيطَ بْنَ عَامِرٍ، خَرَجَ وَافِدًا إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ لَقِيطٌ ‏:‏ فَقَدِمْنَا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَذَكَرَ حَدِيثًا فِيهِ ‏:‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ لَعَمْرُ إِلَهِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Da`eef (Inauthentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3266
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3260
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3260
Sunan Abi Dawood 3267
Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

AbuBakr adjured the Prophet ﷺ. The Prophet ﷺ said: Do not adjure an oath.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، ‏:‏ أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ، أَقْسَمَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ لاَ تُقْسِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3267
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3261
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3261
Sunan Abi Dawood 3268
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

Abu Hurairah narrated that a man came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and said: I had a dream last night, and he then mentioned it. So Abu Bakr interpreted it. The Prophet ﷺ said: You are partly right and partly wrong. He then said: I adjure you, Messenger of Allah, may my father be sacrificed on you, do tell me the mistake I have committed. The Prophet ﷺ said: Do not adjure.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ فَارِسٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، - قَالَ ابْنُ يَحْيَى كَتَبْتُهُ مِنْ كِتَابِهِ - أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ ‏:‏ كَانَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ يُحَدِّثُ أَنَّ رَجُلاً، أَتَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏:‏ إِنِّي أَرَى اللَّيْلَةَ فَذَكَرَ رُؤْيَا فَعَبَّرَهَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ، فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏"‏ أَصَبْتَ بَعْضًا وَأَخْطَأْتَ بَعْضًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏:‏ أَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ لَتُحَدِّثَنِّي مَا الَّذِي أَخْطَأْتُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏"‏ لاَ تُقْسِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3268
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3262
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3262
Sunan Abi Dawood 3269
The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Ibn 'Abbas through a different chain of narrators. In this version there is no mention of the word qasam (oath). It has the words:

"He did not inform him."
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ فَارِسٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ لَمْ يَذْكُرِ الْقَسَمَ، زَادَ فِيهِ وَلَمْ يُخْبِرْهُ ‏.‏

Classification

Da`eef (Inauthentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3269
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3263
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3263
Sunan Abi Dawood 3270
Narrated 'Abd al-Rahman b. Abi Bakr:

Some guests visited us, and Abu Bakr was conversing with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ at night. He (Abu Bakr) said: I will not return to you until you are free from their entertainment and serving them food. So he brought them food, but they said: We shall not eat it until Abu Bakr comes (back). Abu Bakr then came and asked: What did your guest do? Are you free from their entertainment ? They said: No. I said: I brought them food, but they refused and said: We swear by Allah, we shall not take it until he comes. They said: He spoke the truth. He brought it to us, but we refused (to take it) until you come. He asked: What did prevent you ? He said: I swear by Allah, I shall not take food tonight. They said: And we also swear by Allah that we shall not take food until you take it. He said: I never saw an evil like the one tonight. He said: Bring your food near (you). He ('Abd al-Rahman) said: Their food was then brought near them. He said: In the name of Allah, and he took the food, and they also took it. I then informed him that the dawn had broken. So he went to th Prophet ﷺ and informed him of what he and they had done. He said: You are the most obedient and most trustful of them.
حَدَّثَنَا مُؤَمَّلُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، عَنِ الْجُرَيْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ، أَوْ عَنْ أَبِي السَّلِيلِ، عَنْهُ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، قَالَ ‏:‏ نَزَلَ بِنَا أَضْيَافٌ لَنَا قَالَ ‏:‏ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَتَحَدَّثُ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِاللَّيْلِ فَقَالَ ‏:‏ لاَ أَرْجِعَنَّ إِلَيْكَ حَتَّى تَفْرَغَ مِنْ ضِيَافَةِ هَؤُلاَءِ وَمِنْ قِرَاهُمْ فَأَتَاهُمْ بِقِرَاهُمْ فَقَالُوا ‏:‏ لاَ نَطْعَمُهُ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ‏.‏ فَجَاءَ فَقَالَ ‏:‏ مَا فَعَلَ أَضْيَافُكُمْ أَفَرَغْتُمْ مِنْ قِرَاهُمْ قَالُوا ‏:‏ لاَ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ ‏:‏ قَدْ أَتَيْتُهُمْ بِقِرَاهُمْ فَأَبَوْا وَقَالُوا ‏:‏ وَاللَّهِ لاَ نَطْعَمُهُ حَتَّى يَجِيءَ، فَقَالُوا ‏:‏ صَدَقَ قَدْ أَتَانَا بِهِ فَأَبَيْنَا حَتَّى تَجِيءَ، قَالَ ‏:‏ فَمَا مَنَعَكُمْ قَالُوا ‏:‏ مَكَانُكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏:‏ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَطْعَمُهُ اللَّيْلَةَ، قَالَ فَقَالُوا ‏:‏ وَنَحْنُ وَاللَّهِ لاَ نَطْعَمُهُ حَتَّى تَطْعَمَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏:‏ مَا رَأَيْتُ فِي الشَّرِّ كَاللَّيْلَةِ قَطُّ - قَالَ - قَرِّبُوا طَعَامَكُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏:‏ فَقُرِّبَ طَعَامُهُمْ فَقَالَ ‏:‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ فَطَعِمَ وَطَعِمُوا فَأُخْبِرْتُ أَنَّهُ أَصْبَحَ فَغَدَا عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَخْبَرَهُ بِالَّذِي صَنَعَ وَصَنَعُوا، قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ بَلْ أَنْتَ أَبَرُّهُمْ وَأَصْدَقُهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

No Data

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3270
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3264
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3264
Sunan Abi Dawood 3271
A similar tradition has also been transmitted by 'Abd al-Rahman b. Abi Bakr through a different chain of narrators. This version adds on the authority of Salim:

"Expiation (for breaking the oath) has not reached me."
حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، حَدَّثَنَا سَالِمُ بْنُ نُوحٍ، وَعَبْدُ الأَعْلَى، عَنِ الْجُرَيْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ نَحْوَهُ زَادَ عَنْ سَالِمٍ، فِي حَدِيثِهِ قَالَ ‏:‏ وَلَمْ يَبْلُغْنِي كَفَّارَةً ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3271
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3265
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3265
Sunan Abi Dawood 3272
Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said:

There were two brothers among the Ansar who shared an inheritance. When one of them asked the other for the portion due to him, he replied: If you ask me again for the portion due to you, all my property will be devoted to the decoration of the Ka'bah.

Umar said to him: The Ka'bah does not need your property. Make atonement for your oath and speak to your brother. I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say: An oath or vow to disobey the Lord, or to break ties of relationship or about something over which one has no control is not binding on you.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمِنْهَالِ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ زُرَيْعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَبِيبٌ الْمُعَلِّمُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، ‏:‏ أَنَّ أَخَوَيْنِ، مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمَا مِيرَاثٌ فَسَأَلَ أَحَدُهُمَا صَاحِبَهُ الْقِسْمَةَ فَقَالَ ‏:‏ إِنْ عُدْتَ تَسْأَلُنِي عَنِ الْقِسْمَةِ فَكُلُّ مَالٍ لِي فِي رِتَاجِ الْكَعْبَةِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَرُ ‏:‏ إِنَّ الْكَعْبَةَ غَنِيَّةٌ عَنْ مَالِكَ، كَفِّرْ عَنْ يَمِينِكَ وَكَلِّمْ أَخَاكَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ لاَ يَمِينَ عَلَيْكَ، وَلاَ نَذْرَ فِي مَعْصِيَةِ الرَّبِّ وَفِي قَطِيعَةِ الرَّحِمِ وَفِيمَا لاَ تَمْلِكُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Da`eef (Inauthentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3272
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3266
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3266
Sunan Abi Dawood 3273
Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: A vow is binding in those things by which the pleasure of Allah is sought, and an oath to break ties of relationship is not binding.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ الضَّبِّيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمُغِيرَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ لاَ نَذْرَ إِلاَّ فِيمَا يُبْتَغَى بِهِ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ، وَلاَ يَمِينَ فِي قَطِيعَةِ رَحِمٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Hasan (Good)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3273
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3267
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3267
Sunan Abi Dawood 3274
Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: An oath or a vow about something over which a human being has no control, and to disobey Allah, and to break ties of relationship is not binding. If anyone takes an oath and then considers something else better than it, he should give it up, and do what is better, for leaving it is its atonement.

Abu Dawud said: All sound traditions from the Prophet ﷺ say: "He should make atonement for his oath," except those versions which are not reliable.

Abu Dawud said: I said to Ahmad: Yahya b. Sa'id (al-Qattan) has transmitted this tradition from Yahya b. 'Ubaid Allah. He (Ahmad b. Hanbal) said: But he gave it up after that, and he was competent for doing it. Ahmad said: His (Yahya b. 'Ubaid Allah's) tradition are munkar (rejected) and his father is not known.
حَدَّثَنَا الْمُنْذِرُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بَكْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الأَخْنَسِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏"‏ لاَ نَذْرَ وَلاَ يَمِينَ فِيمَا لاَ يَمْلِكُ ابْنُ آدَمَ وَلاَ فِي مَعْصِيَةِ اللَّهِ وَلاَ فِي قَطِيعَةِ رَحِمٍ، وَمَنْ حَلَفَ عَلَى يَمِينٍ فَرَأَى غَيْرَهَا خَيْرًا مِنْهَا فَلْيَدَعْهَا وَلْيَأْتِ الَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ، فَإِنَّ تَرْكَهَا كَفَّارَتُهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ ‏:‏ الأَحَادِيثُ كُلُّهَا عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏"‏ وَلْيُكَفِّرْ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ إِلاَّ فِيمَا لاَ يُعْبَأُ بِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ قُلْتُ لأَحْمَدَ ‏:‏ رَوَى يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ ‏:‏ تَرَكَهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ وَكَانَ أَهْلاً لِذَلِكَ، قَالَ أَحْمَدُ ‏:‏ أَحَادِيثُهُ مَنَاكِيرُ وَأَبُوهُ لاَ يُعْرَفُ ‏.‏

Classification

No Data

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3274
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3268
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3268
Sunan Abi Dawood 3275
Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

Two men brought their dispute to the Prophet ﷺ. The Prophet ﷺ asked the plaintiff to produce evidence, but he had no evidence. So he asked the defendant to swear. He swore by Allah "There is no god but He."

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Yes, you have done it, but you have been forgiven for the sincerity of the statement: "There is no god but Allah."

Abu Dawud said: This tradition means that he did not command him to make atonement
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا عَطَاءُ بْنُ السَّائِبِ، عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، ‏:‏ أَنَّ رَجُلَيْنِ، اخْتَصَمَا إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَسَأَلَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الطَّالِبَ الْبَيِّنَةَ، فَلَمْ تَكُنْ لَهُ بَيِّنَةٌ فَاسْتَحْلَفَ الْمَطْلُوبَ فَحَلَفَ بِاللَّهِ الَّذِي لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ بَلَى قَدْ فَعَلْتَ، وَلَكِنْ قَدْ غُفِرَ لَكَ بِإِخْلاَصِ قَوْلِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ ‏:‏ يُرَادُ مِنْ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَأْمُرْهُ بِالْكَفَّارَةِ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3275
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3269
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3269
Sunan Abi Dawood 3276
Narrated Abu Burdah:

On the authority of his father that the Prophet ﷺ said: I swear by Allah that if Allah wills I shall swear on an oath and then consider something else to be better than it without making atonement for my oath and doing the thing that is better. Or he said (according to another version): But doing the thing that is better and making atonement for my oath.
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا غَيْلاَنُ بْنُ جَرِيرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي بُرْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ إِنِّي وَاللَّهِ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لاَ أَحْلِفُ عَلَى يَمِينٍ فَأَرَى غَيْرَهَا خَيْرًا مِنْهَا إِلاَّ كَفَّرْتُ عَنْ يَمِينِي، وَأَتَيْتُ الَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ أَوْ قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ إِلاَّ أَتَيْتُ الَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ وَكَفَّرْتُ يَمِينِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3276
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3270
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3270
Sunan Abi Dawood 3277
Narrated 'Abd al-Rahman b. Samurah:

The Prophet ﷺ said to me: 'Abd al-Rahman b. Samurah, when you swear an oath and consider something else to be better than it, do the thing that is beter and make atonement for your oath.

Abu Dawud said: I heard Ahmad (b. Hanbal) permitting to make atonement before breaking the oath.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الصَّبَّاحِ الْبَزَّازُ، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا يُونُسُ، وَمَنْصُورٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ زَاذَانَ - عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ لِيَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏
"‏ يَا عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ سَمُرَةَ إِذَا حَلَفْتَ عَلَى يَمِينٍ فَرَأَيْتَ غَيْرَهَا خَيْرًا مِنْهَا، فَأْتِ الَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ وَكَفِّرْ يَمِينَكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ ‏:‏ سَمِعْتُ أَحْمَدَ يُرَخِّصُ فِيهَا الْكَفَّارَةَ قَبْلَ الْحِنْثِ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood 3277
• Sunan Abi Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3271
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3271