@muf/pa-hadith@^1.5.8

Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows

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Volume 4
84 ahādīth
Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet ﷺ said: Do not swear by your fathers, or by your mothers, or by rivals to Allah; and swear by Allah only, and swear by Allah only when you are speaking the truth.
حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا عَوْفٌ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ لاَ تَحْلِفُوا بِآبَائِكُمْ وَلاَ بِأُمَّهَاتِكُمْ وَلاَ بِالأَنْدَادِ وَلاَ تَحْلِفُوا إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ وَلاَ تَحْلِفُوا بِاللَّهِ إِلاَّ وَأَنْتُمْ صَادِقُونَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

Sunan Abi Dawood, 3248
Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3242
Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3242
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ found 'Umar al-Khattab in a caravan while he was swearing by his father. So he said: Allah forbids you to swear by forefathers. If anyone swears, he must swear by Allah or keep silence.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَدْرَكَهُ وَهُوَ فِي رَكْبٍ وَهُوَ يَحْلِفُ بِأَبِيهِ فَقَالَ ‏
"‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَنْهَاكُمْ أَنْ تَحْلِفُوا بِآبَائِكُمْ فَمَنْ كَانَ حَالِفًا فَلْيَحْلِفْ بِاللَّهِ أَوْ لِيَسْكُتْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

Sunan Abi Dawood, 3249
Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3243
Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3243
The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Ibn 'Umar through a different chain of narrators to the same effect up to the words "by your fathers". This version adds:

" 'Umar said: I swear by Allah, I never swore by it personally or reporting it from others."
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عُمَرَ، - رضى الله عنه - قَالَ سَمِعَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَحْوَ مَعْنَاهُ إِلَى ‏
"‏ بِآبَائِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ زَادَ قَالَ عُمَرُ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا حَلَفْتُ بِهَذَا ذَاكِرًا وَلاَ آثِرًا ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

Sunan Abi Dawood, 3250
Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3244
Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3244
Sa'id ibn Ubaydah said:

Ibn Umar heard a man swearing: No, I swear by the Ka'bah. Ibn Umar said to him: I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say: He who swears by anyone but Allah is polytheist.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ إِدْرِيسَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الْحَسَنَ بْنَ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدَةَ، قَالَ سَمِعَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ، رَجُلاً يَحْلِفُ لاَ وَالْكَعْبَةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ ابْنُ عُمَرَ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏
"‏ مَنْ حَلَفَ بِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ أَشْرَكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

Sunan Abi Dawood, 3251
Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3245
Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3245
Referring to the story of a bedouin, Talhah b. 'Ubaid Allah reported the Prophet ﷺ as saying:

He became successful, by his father, if he speaks the truth, he will enter paradise, by his father, if he speaks truth.
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْعَتَكِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ الْمَدَنِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِي سُهَيْلٍ، نَافِعِ بْنِ مَالِكِ بْنِ أَبِي عَامِرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ طَلْحَةَ بْنَ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ يَعْنِي فِي، حَدِيثِ قِصَّةِ الأَعْرَابِيِّ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ أَفْلَحَ وَأَبِيهِ إِنْ صَدَقَ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ وَأَبِيهِ إِنْ صَدَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

No Data

References

Sunan Abi Dawood, 3252
Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3246
Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3246
Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib:

The Prophet ﷺ said: He who swears by Amanah (faithfulness) is not one of our number.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ، حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ ثَعْلَبَةَ الطَّائِيُّ، عَنِ ابْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ مَنْ حَلَفَ بِالأَمَانَةِ فَلَيْسَ مِنَّا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

Sunan Abi Dawood, 3253
Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3247
Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3247
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said about the futile oath: It is man's speech in his house: No, by Allah, and Yes, by Allah.

Abu Dawud said: Ibrahim al-Sa'igh, the narrator of this tradition , was a pious man. Abu Muslim killed him at 'Aranda. When he raised a hammed and heard the call to prayer, he gave it up.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been transmitted by Dawud b. Abi al-Furat from Ibrahim al-Sa'igh as a statement of 'Aishah (not attributed to the Prophet). Similarly, it has been transmitted by al-Zuhri, 'Abd al-Malik b. Abi Sulaiman and Malik b. Mughul. All of them transmitted it from 'Ata on the authority of 'Aishah on her own statement.
حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ الشَّامِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا حَسَّانُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ - حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ، - يَعْنِي الصَّائِغَ - عَنْ عَطَاءٍ، فِي اللَّغْوِ فِي الْيَمِينِ قَالَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏
"‏ هُوَ كَلاَمُ الرَّجُلِ فِي بَيْتِهِ كَلاَّ وَاللَّهِ وَبَلَى وَاللَّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ كَانَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الصَّائِغُ رَجُلاً صَالِحًا قَتَلَهُ أَبُو مُسْلِمٍ بِعَرَنْدَسَ قَالَ وَكَانَ إِذَا رَفَعَ الْمَطْرَقَةَ فَسَمِعَ النِّدَاءَ سَيَّبَهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَى هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ دَاوُدُ بْنُ أَبِي الْفُرَاتِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الصَّائِغِ مَوْقُوفًا عَلَى عَائِشَةَ وَكَذَلِكَ رَوَاهُ الزُّهْرِيُّ وَعَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ أَبِي سُلَيْمَانَ وَمَالِكُ بْنُ مِغْوَلٍ وَكُلُّهُمْ عَنْ عَطَاءٍ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ مَوْقُوفًا ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

Sunan Abi Dawood, 3254
Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3248
Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3248
Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying: Your oath should be about something regarding which your companion will believe you.

Musaddad said: 'Abd Allah b. Abi Salih narrated to me.

Abu Dawud said: Both of them refer to the same person: 'Abbad b. Abu Salih and 'Abd Allah b. Abi Salih.
حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَوْنٍ، قَالَ أَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، عَنْ عَبَّادِ بْنِ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ يَمِينُكَ عَلَى مَا يُصَدِّقُكَ عَلَيْهَا صَاحِبُكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مُسَدَّدٌ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي صَالِحٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ هُمَا وَاحِدٌ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي صَالِحٍ وَعَبَّادُ بْنُ أَبِي صَالِحٍ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

Sunan Abi Dawood, 3255
Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3249
Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3249
Narrated Suwayd ibn Hanzalah:

We went out intending (to visit) the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Wa'il ibn Hujr was with us. His enemy caught him. The people desisted from swearing an oath, but I took an oath that he was my brother. So he left him. We then came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and I informed him that the people desisted from taking the oath, but I swore that he was my brother. He said: You spoke the truth: A Muslim is a brother of a Muslim.
حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النَّاقِدُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أَحْمَدَ الزُّبَيْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى، عَنْ جَدَّتِهِ، عَنْ أَبِيهَا، سُوَيْدِ بْنِ حَنْظَلَةَ قَالَ خَرَجْنَا نُرِيدُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَمَعَنَا وَائِلُ بْنُ حُجْرٍ فَأَخَذَهُ عَدُوٌّ لَهُ فَتَحَرَّجَ الْقَوْمُ أَنْ يَحْلِفُوا وَحَلَفْتُ أَنَّهُ أَخِي فَخَلَّى سَبِيلَهُ فَأَتَيْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ أَنَّ الْقَوْمَ تَحَرَّجُوا أَنْ يَحْلِفُوا وَحَلَفْتُ أَنَّهُ أَخِي قَالَ ‏
"‏ صَدَقْتَ الْمُسْلِمُ أَخُو الْمُسْلِمِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

Sunan Abi Dawood, 3256
Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3250
Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3250
Thabit bin Adh-Dahhak narratted:

That he swore allegiance to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ beneath the tree, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: "Whoever swears by a religion other than Islam, telling a deliberate lie, it will be as he said, and whoever kills himself with something, he will be punished with it on the Day of Resurrection, and a man cannot vow concerning that which he does not possess."
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو تَوْبَةَ الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ سَلاَّمٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو قِلاَبَةَ، أَنَّ ثَابِتَ بْنَ الضَّحَّاكِ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ، بَايَعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَحْتَ الشَّجَرَةِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏
"‏ مَنْ حَلَفَ بِمِلَّةٍ غَيْرِ مِلَّةِ الإِسْلاَمِ كَاذِبًا فَهُوَ كَمَا قَالَ وَمَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ بِشَىْءٍ عُذِّبَ بِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَلَيْسَ عَلَى رَجُلٍ نَذْرٌ فِيمَا لاَ يَمْلِكُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

Sunan Abi Dawood, 3257
Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 4, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3251
Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of Oaths and Vows, Hadith 3251