Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items

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Volume 2
20 ahādīth
The above mentioned tradition has also been transmitted by Malik through a different chain of narrators to the same effect. This version adds:

They have their stomachs: They can go down to water and eat trees. He did not say about the stray sheep: take it. About a find he said : Make it known for a year; if it’s owner comes, (give it to him), otherwise use it yourself. This version has not the word : “ spend it”.

Abu Dawud said : This tradition has been narrated by al-Thawri, Sulaiman bin Bilal, and Hammad bin Salamah on the authority of Rabi ‘ ah in a similar manner. They did not mention the word “take it”.
حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ السَّرْحِ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي مَالِكٌ، بِإِسْنَادِهِ وَمَعْنَاهُ زَادَ ‏"‏ سِقَاؤُهَا تَرِدُ الْمَاءَ وَتَأْكُلُ الشَّجَرَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَلَمْ يَقُلْ ‏"‏ خُذْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فِي ضَالَّةِ الشَّاءِ وَقَالَ فِي اللُّقَطَةِ ‏"‏ عَرِّفْهَا سَنَةً فَإِنْ جَاءَ صَاحِبُهَا وَإِلاَّ فَشَأْنَكَ بِهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرِ ‏"‏ اسْتَنْفِقْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَسُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ وَحَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ مِثْلَهُ لَمْ يَقُولُوا ‏"‏ خُذْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 1705
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1701
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1701
Narrated Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ was asked about a find. He said: Make it known for a year. If its seeker comes, deliver it to him, otherwise note its container and its string. Then use it; if its seeker comes, deliver it to him.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، وَهَارُونُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، - الْمَعْنَى - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي فُدَيْكٍ، عَنِ الضَّحَّاكِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ عُثْمَانَ - عَنْ سَالِمِ أَبِي النَّضْرِ، عَنْ بُسْرِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سُئِلَ عَنِ اللُّقَطَةِ فَقَالَ ‏
"‏ عَرِّفْهَا سَنَةً فَإِنْ جَاءَ بَاغِيهَا فَأَدِّهَا إِلَيْهِ وَإِلاَّ فَاعْرِفْ عِفَاصَهَا وَوِكَاءَهَا ثُمَّ كُلْهَا فَإِنْ جَاءَ بَاغِيهَا فَأَدِّهَا إِلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

No Data

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 1706
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1702
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1702
The aforesaid tradition has also been transmitted by Zaid bin Khalid al-Juhani through a different chain of narrators. This version has:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ was asked about a find. He replied : Make the matter known for a year; if its owner comes, give it to him, otherwise note its string and its container and have it along with your property. If its owner comes, deliver it to him.
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي، حَدَّثَنِي إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ طَهْمَانَ، عَنْ عَبَّادِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، يَزِيدَ مَوْلَى الْمُنْبَعِثِ عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ سُئِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَذَكَرَ نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ رَبِيعَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَسُئِلَ عَنِ اللُّقَطَةِ فَقَالَ ‏
"‏ تُعَرِّفُهَا حَوْلاً فَإِنْ جَاءَ صَاحِبُهَا دَفَعْتَهَا إِلَيْهِ وَإِلاَّ عَرَفْتَ وِكَاءَهَا وَعِفَاصَهَا ثُمَّ أَفِضْهَا فِي مَالِكَ فَإِنْ جَاءَ صَاحِبُهَا فَادْفَعْهَا إِلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 1707
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1703
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1703
The above mentioned tradition has also been transmitted by Yahya bin Sa’id and Rabi’ah through the chain of narrators mentioned by Qutaibah to the same effect. This version adds; if its seeker comes, and recognizes its container and its number, then give it to him. Hammad also narrated it from `Ubaid Allah bin `Umar from `Amr bin Shu’aib, from his father, from his grandfather, from the Prophet ﷺ something similar.

Abu Dawud said:

This addition made by Hammad bin Salamah bin Kuhail, Yahya bin Sa’id, `Ubaid Allah bin `Umar and Rabi’ah; “if its owner comes and recognizes its container, and its string,” is not guarded. The version narrated by Uqbah bin Suwaid on the authority of his father from the Prophet ﷺ has also the words : “make it known for a year”. The version of `Umar bin al-Khattab has also been transmitted from the Prophet ﷺ. This version has : “Make it known for a year”.
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، وَرَبِيعَةَ، بِإِسْنَادِ قُتَيْبَةَ وَمَعْنَاهُ وَزَادَ فِيهِ ‏"‏ فَإِنْ جَاءَ بَاغِيهَا فَعَرَفَ عِفَاصَهَا وَعَدَدَهَا فَادْفَعْهَا إِلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ حَمَّادٌ أَيْضًا عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِثْلَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذِهِ الزِّيَادَةُ الَّتِي زَادَ حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ فِي حَدِيثِ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ كُهَيْلٍ وَيَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ وَعُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ وَرَبِيعَةَ ‏"‏ إِنْ جَاءَ صَاحِبُهَا فَعَرَفَ عِفَاصَهَا وَوِكَاءَهَا فَادْفَعْهَا إِلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ لَيْسَتْ بِمَحْفُوظَةٍ ‏"‏ فَعَرَفَ عِفَاصَهَا وَوِكَاءَهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَحَدِيثُ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَيْضًا قَالَ ‏"‏ عَرِّفْهَا سَنَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَحَدِيثُ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ أَيْضًا عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ عَرِّفْهَا سَنَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

No Data

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 1708
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1704
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1704
Narrated Iyad ibn Himar:

The Prophet ﷺ said: He who finds something should call one or two trusty persons as witnesses and not conceal it or cover it up; then if he finds its owner he should return it to him, otherwise it is Allah's property which He gives to whom He will.
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ يَعْنِي الطَّحَّانَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا وُهَيْبٌ، - الْمَعْنَى - عَنْ خَالِدٍ الْحَذَّاءِ، عَنْ أَبِي الْعَلاَءِ، عَنْ مُطَرِّفٍ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ - عَنْ عِيَاضِ بْنِ حِمَارٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏
"‏ مَنْ وَجَدَ لُقَطَةً فَلْيُشْهِدْ ذَا عَدْلٍ - أَوْ ذَوَىْ عَدْلٍ - وَلاَ يَكْتُمْ وَلاَ يُغَيِّبْ فَإِنْ وَجَدَ صَاحِبَهَا فَلْيَرُدَّهَا عَلَيْهِ وَإِلاَّ فَهُوَ مَالُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يُؤْتِيهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 1709
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1705
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1705
Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ was asked about the hanging fruit. He replied: If a needy person takes some and does not take a supply away in his garment, he is not to be blamed, but he who carries any of it away is to be find twice the value and punished, and he who steals any of it after it has been put in the place where dates are dried is to have his hand cut off if its value reaches the price of a shield. Regarding stray camels and sheep he mentioned the same as others have done. He said: He was asked about finds and replied: If it is in a frequented road and a large town, make the matter known for a year, and if its owner comes, give it to him, but if he does not, it belongs to you. If it is in a place which has been a waste from ancient time, or if it is a hidden treasure (belonging to the Islamic period), it is subject to the payment of the fifth.
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَجْلاَنَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ الثَّمَرِ الْمُعَلَّقِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ مَنْ أَصَابَ بِفِيهِ مِنْ ذِي حَاجَةٍ غَيْرَ مُتَّخِذٍ خُبْنَةً فَلاَ شَىْءَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ خَرَجَ بِشَىْءٍ مِنْهُ فَعَلَيْهِ غَرَامَةُ مِثْلَيْهِ وَالْعُقُوبَةُ وَمَنْ سَرَقَ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا بَعْدَ أَنْ يُئْوِيَهُ الْجَرِينُ فَبَلَغَ ثَمَنَ الْمِجَنِّ فَعَلَيْهِ الْقَطْعُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَذَكَرَ فِي ضَالَّةِ الإِبِلِ وَالْغَنَمِ كَمَا ذَكَرَهُ غَيْرُهُ قَالَ وَسُئِلَ عَنِ اللُّقَطَةِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ مَا كَانَ مِنْهَا فِي طَرِيقِ الْمِيتَاءِ أَوِ الْقَرْيَةِ الْجَامِعَةِ فَعَرِّفْهَا سَنَةً فَإِنْ جَاءَ طَالِبُهَا فَادْفَعْهَا إِلَيْهِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَأْتِ فَهِيَ لَكَ وَمَا كَانَ فِي الْخَرَابِ - يَعْنِي - فَفِيهَا وَفِي الرِّكَازِ الْخُمُسُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Hasan (Good)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 1710
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1706
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1706
The above mentioned tradition has also been transmitted by ‘Amr bin Shu’aib through a different chain of narrators. This version adds:

regarding the stray sheep he said : “Take it”.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ كَثِيرٍ - حَدَّثَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ شُعَيْبٍ، بِإِسْنَادِهِ بِهَذَا قَالَ فِي ضَالَّةِ الشَّاءِ قَالَ ‏
"‏ فَاجْمَعْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Hasan (Good)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 1711
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1707
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1707
The aforesaid tradition has also been transmitted by ‘Amr bin Shu’aib through a different chain of narrators. This version has:

He said about the stray sheep: You, your brother or the wolf may have them. Do take it. A similar version has been transmitted by Ayyub and Ya’qub bin `Ata from `Amr bin Shu’aid from the Propher ﷺ. He said : then take it.
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الأَخْنَسِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، بِهَذَا بِإِسْنَادِهِ قَالَ فِي ضَالَّةِ الْغَنَمِ ‏"‏ لَكَ أَوْ لأَخِيكَ أَوْ لِلذِّئْبِ خُذْهَا قَطُّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ كَذَا قَالَ فِيهِ أَيُّوبُ وَيَعْقُوبُ بْنُ عَطَاءٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ فَخُذْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Hasan (Good)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 1712
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1708
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1708
The above mentioned tradition has also been narrated by ‘Amr bin Shu’aib from his father, from his grandfather, from the Prophet ﷺ to the same effect. This version has:

regarding the stray sheep he said: Take it (and keep it with you) till its seeker comes to it.
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ إِدْرِيسَ، عَنِ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِهَذَا ‏.‏ قَالَ فِي ضَالَّةِ الشَّاءِ ‏
"‏ فَاجْمَعْهَا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهَا بَاغِيهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Hasan (Good)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 1713
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1709
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1709
Narrated Abu Sa'id al-Khudri:

Ali ibn AbuTalib found a dinar and he took it to Fatimah. She asked the Messenger of Allah ﷺ about it. He said: This is Allah's provision. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ ate out of the food (bought with it), and Ali and Fatimah also ate out of that food. But afterwards a woman came crying out about the dinar. The Prophet ﷺ said: Pay the dinar, Ali.
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ بُكَيْرِ بْنِ الأَشَجِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مِقْسَمٍ، حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، أَنَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ، وَجَدَ دِينَارًا فَأَتَى بِهِ فَاطِمَةَ فَسَأَلَتْ عَنْهُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ هُوَ رِزْقُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَكَلَ مِنْهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَكَلَ عَلِيٌّ وَفَاطِمَةُ فَلَمَّا كَانَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ أَتَتْهُ امْرَأَةٌ تَنْشُدُ الدِّينَارَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ يَا عَلِيُّ أَدِّ الدِّينَارَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Classification

Hasan (Good)

References

• Sunan Abi Dawood, 1714
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1710
• Sunan Abi Dawood, Book of The Book of Lost and Found Items, Hadith 1710